Why Some Molecules Have Evil Twins

A tiny change in a molecule’s geometry completely changes its effects on the human body. How We Made This Video (Ever & David Talk About Drugs): https://youtu.be/tefxgYP0BVM March for Science website: https://www.marchforscience.com Thanks also to our supporters on https://www.patreon.com/MinuteEarth ___________________________________________ If you want to learn more about this topic, start your googling with: Enantiomers: Molecules that are mirror images of each other. Chirality: A geometric property that makes a molecule non-superimposable on its mirror image. Methamphetamine: A central nervous system stimulant. Levmetamfetamine: The new name for the left-handed version of methamphetamine, which acts as a vasoconstrictor. Carvone: A terpenoid found in many essential oils. ___________________________________________ Credits (and Twitter handles): Script Writer: David Goldenberg (@dgoldenberg) Video Illustrator: Ever Salazar (@eversalazar) Video Narrator: Ever Salazar (@eversalazar) With Contributions From: Henry Reich, Alex Reich, Kate Yoshida, Emily Elert, Peter Reich Music by: Nathaniel Schroeder: http://www.soundcloud.com/drschroeder _________________________________________ Like our videos? Subscribe to MinuteEarth on YouTube: http://goo.gl/EpIDGd Support us on Patreon: https://goo.gl/ZVgLQZ Also, say hello on: Facebook: http://goo.gl/FpAvo6 Twitter: http://goo.gl/Y1aWVC And find us on itunes: https://goo.gl/sfwS6n ___________________________________________ If you liked this week’s video, we think you might also like: Breaking Bad: http://www.amc.com/shows/breaking-bad ___________________________________________ References: Lodish H, Berk A, Zipursky SL., et al. “The Making or Breaking of Covalent Bonds Involves Large Energy Changes”. Molecular Cell Biology. Section 2:1 (22). Retrieved from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK21595/#_A261_ Wallach, J. “A Comprehensive Guide to the Clandestine Chemistry of 'Breaking Bad'” Vice. (2013). Retrieved from: https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/a-comprehensive-guide-to-the-clandestine-chemistry-of-breaking-bad. Thanks to the following experts for their input and feedback: Jason Wallach, Vice writer and chemist Donna Nelson, University of Oklahoma chemistry professor and technical advisor to ‘Breaking Bad’ Adam Braunschweig, CUNY chemistry professor (http://www.braunschweiggroup.org/) Justin Dragna, University of Texas chemistry professor Epigenetics: Why Inheritance Is Weirder Than We Thought. Why Are There Dangerous Ingredients In Vaccines? How Mushrooms Make It Rain. How Humans Made Malaria So Deadly. The One That Got Away (Size Matters). Why Only Some Monkeys Have Awesome Tails. Russia is CLONING MEGA Military Dogs. Dogs and Humans: A 30,000-Year Friendship (ft. MinuteEarth). Joint Venture Ep. 20: Four faced dovetail splice (Japanese Joinery). Why Are There Clouds?

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